Surnames covered in our DNA project:
plus any other variants
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The current banner shows Alnwick Castle, in Northumberland - a county in the far north east of England, bordering Scotland. This region is home to a number of Appleby lines - and our DNA project has confirmed genetic connections between several of these, which also match lines in Canada, USA and Ireland.
There has been little change over time of the proportion of the different variants of the surname - the figures shown on the table were taken from the census data on the Genealogist, and will not include entries where the surname was recorded (and/or transcribed) in different forms to those listed on the table.
It is important to remember that, especially in the early censuses, many people were illiterate and would not have known whether the census
enumerator was recording their surname correctly. In many families we see a range of different spellings in different documents (sometimes within the same document!).
However, the geographical distribution of the main two versions of the surname depicted in the maps below, do show a shift over the period from 1841 to 1911 ... you can click on the thumbnails to open up larger images which include the number of individuals with each surname in every county:
APPLEBY in 1841 census APPLEBY in 1881 census APPLEBY in 1911 census
APPLEBEE in 1841 census APPLEBEE in 1881 census APPLEBEE in 1911 census
These distribution maps were run using The Genealogist mapping facility. Please note that the scale showing density per county varies on each chart - please refer to the linked maps for full details of number of individuals in each county. The figures do NOT include Applebys in Scotland.
Recent research indicates that early geographical concentrations of a surname frequently provide a good indication of the place of origin of that surname (source: 'Surnames, DNA & Family History', George Redmonds, Turi King and David Hey, Oxford University Press, 2011).